React hooks polling

Hooks are a new addition in React They let you use state and other React features without writing a class. You can start learning Hooks on the next page.

React React Native supports Hooks since the 0. Watch the video here:. There are no plans to remove classes from React.

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You can read more about the gradual adoption strategy for Hooks in the bottom section of this page. Instead, Hooks provide a more direct API to the React concepts you already know: props, state, context, refs, and lifecycle.

As we will show later, Hooks also offer a new powerful way to combine them. If you just want to start learning Hooks, feel free to jump directly to the next page! But these patterns require you to restructure your components when you use them, which can be cumbersome and make code harder to follow. While we could filter them out in DevToolsthis points to a deeper underlying problem: React needs a better primitive for sharing stateful logic.

With Hooks, you can extract stateful logic from a component so it can be tested independently and reused. Hooks allow you to reuse stateful logic without changing your component hierarchy.

This makes it easy to share Hooks among many components or with the community.

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Each lifecycle method often contains a mix of unrelated logic. For example, components might perform some data fetching in componentDidMount and componentDidUpdate.

However, the same componentDidMount method might also contain some unrelated logic that sets up event listeners, with cleanup performed in componentWillUnmount. Mutually related code that changes together gets split apart, but completely unrelated code ends up combined in a single method. This makes it too easy to introduce bugs and inconsistencies. This is one of the reasons many people prefer to combine React with a separate state management library.

However, that often introduces too much abstraction, requires you to jump between different files, and makes reusing components more difficult. To solve this, Hooks let you split one component into smaller functions based on what pieces are related such as setting up a subscription or fetching datarather than forcing a split based on lifecycle methods.

You have to understand how this works in JavaScript, which is very different from how it works in most languages. You have to remember to bind the event handlers. Without unstable syntax proposalsthe code is very verbose. People can understand props, state, and top-down data flow perfectly well but still struggle with classes.By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie PolicyPrivacy Policyand our Terms of Service.

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Fetching Data from an API with React Hooks useEffect

Stack Overflow for Teams is a private, secure spot for you and your coworkers to find and share information. Let's say I call my first query at " 08hmn", using the pollInterval defined above, my 2nd query will be called at 08hmn" and the 3rd one will be called at 08hmn".

When I look on my query on Chrome's Network after 12mn, I'll see 3 queries with different time variable values:. I tried to wait the onCompleted event from useQuery and then update variables but it doesn't help because it will be called only the 1st time and I guess when new data come in but I'm not sure.

I tried to use useLazyQuery instead of useQuery and then use a setInterval to update my variables then call the query again like this:. But it seems like I'm reimplementing the default Apollo polling using a setInterval in a "dirty way". So I'm not sure if it's a solution. Learn more. How to update variables in a React-Hooks Apollo polling? Ask Question.

Asked 1 month ago. Active 1 month ago. Viewed 17 times. Any feedback or experience to update a React Apollo polling variables? Active Oldest Votes. Sign up or log in Sign up using Google. Sign up using Facebook. Sign up using Email and Password. Post as a guest Name. Email Required, but never shown.

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react hooks polling

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react hooks polling

I'm thinking about useEffect maybe? Like this:. I just stumbled over this too. If react-apollo-hooks included this I think there should either be a call to the callback to the specified in the props or a useEffect after the useMemo that does this:. I can get fix this by adding state to the dependency array but then I get a warning about missing dependency: state.

If I put the state in the dependency I get the loop again. Is there a work around for this or can we not use useState in the onCompleted function? Generally you can only use hooks e. So you should not put useState into callbacks. This is the functional react component I'm using. I'm also using react-apollo-hooks but I don't think that is affecting anything.

I haven't worked much with useEffect yet, but I think you want to push the useQuery inside the useEffect callback. The useQuery function is basically another react hook, so it can't be used inside of a callback, it needs to be inside of a react functional component. I have similar implementation and observe at least double execution of the query. It only fires once. The code I have works, it just bugs me that I have to silence an eslint warning. Normally I put [all, my, query, variables] into the useQuery to avoid multiple runs when other state is changing.

Using the data from useQuery should suffice, no? I needed the onComplete to trigger another query which needed data from the first query. I was putting data into useState because that data is a list of books which will be manipulated by users. I generally put data from api calls into state.

I don't know if that's a good practice or not. Hi phavorno you can't, since react-hooks cannot be used in the callbacks of react-hooks. I suggest you read up on using react-hooks with functional components. This helps a lot. The concept might be confusing otherwise :. The useQuery composed hook should actually use a useState inside for the data. So you can just use the state from the useQuery return value.

Skip to content.Internally, React uses several clever techniques to minimize the number of costly DOM operations required to update the UI. For many applications, using React will lead to a fast user interface without doing much work to specifically optimize for performance. Nevertheless, there are several ways you can speed up your React application. By default, React includes many helpful warnings. These warnings are very useful in development.

However, they make React larger and slower so you should make sure to use the production version when you deploy the app.

If you visit a site with React in production mode, the icon will have a dark background:. It is expected that you use the development mode when working on your app, and the production mode when deploying your app to the users. If your project is built with Create React Apprun:. Remember that this is only necessary before deploying to production.

For normal development, use npm start. Remember that only React files ending with.

react hooks polling

For the most efficient Brunch production build, install the terser-brunch plugin:. Then, to create a production build, add the -p flag to the build command:. Remember that you only need to do this for production builds.

To create a production build, make sure that you add these transforms the order matters :. To create a production build, make sure that you add these plugins the order matters :. For a complete setup example see this gist. This section is only relevant if you configure webpack directly. You can learn more about this in webpack documentation.

In the development mode, you can visualize how components mount, update, and unmount, using the performance tools in supported browsers.In the words of Ryan Florence:. Hooks, being closer to the React programming model than classes, make that mismatch more prominent. Disclaimer: this post focuses on a pathological case. Even if an API simplifies a hundred use cases, the discussion will always focus on the one that got harder. This post assumes that you worked with Hooks for more than an hour.

My useInterval Hook sets up an interval and clears it after unmounting. The rest of the blog post is for folks who are ready to take a deep dive into React Hooks. Admit that React has jumped the shark with Hooks! Before explaining why this code makes sense, I want to show off what it can do.

To remind you, my useInterval Hook accepts a function and a delay:. So how would you do this with setInterval in a class? I ended up with this:. When useInterval Hook sees a different delay, it sets up the interval again. Instead of writing code to set and clear the interval, I can declare an interval with a particular delay — and our useInterval Hook makes it happen. Here is a demo! This is what gets me excited about Hooks and React all over again. Just like with rendering, we can describe the process at all points in time simultaneously instead of carefully issuing commands to manipulate it.

But why is using setInterval and clearInterval annoying with Hooks? Now I want an interval that increments it every second. See the CodeSandbox demo. React by default re-applies effects after every render. This is intentional and helps avoid a whole class of bugs that are present in React class components. This is usually good because many subscription APIs can happily remove the old and add a new listener at any time. When we run clearInterval and setIntervaltheir timing shifts. If we re-render and re-apply effects too often, the interval never gets a chance to fire!

See a demo of this bug. You might know that useEffect lets us opt out of re-applying effects. You can specify a dependency array as a second argument, and React will only re-run the effect if something in that array changes:.

When we want to only run the effect on mount and cleanup on unmount, we can pass an empty [] array of dependencies. In the first attempt, our problem was that re-running the effects caused our timer to get cleared too early. We can try to fix it by never re-running them:. However, now our counter updates to 1 and stays there.GitHub is home to over 40 million developers working together to host and review code, manage projects, and build software together.

If nothing happens, download GitHub Desktop and try again. If nothing happens, download Xcode and try again.

What is the Polling Madness?

If nothing happens, download the GitHub extension for Visual Studio and try again. Enjoy this library?

Try them all! Zeit's SWR is a great library, and is very similar in spirit and implementation to React Query with a few notable differences:. These analytics are made available via the awesome Scarf package analytics library.

This library is being built and maintained by me, tannerlinsley and I am always in need of more support to keep projects like this afloat.

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If you would like to get premium support, add your logo or name on this README, or simply just contribute to my open source Sponsorship goal, visit my Github Sponsors page!

React Query uses Scarf to collect anonymized installation analytics. These analytics help support the maintainers of this library. However, if you'd like to opt out, you can do so by setting scarfSettings. Out of the box, React Query is configured with aggressive but sane defaults. Keep them in mind as you continue to learn and use React Query:. The unique key you provide is used internally for refetching, caching, deduping related queries.

The query info returned contains all information about the query and can be easily destructured and used in your component:. At its core, React Query manages query caching for you and uses a serializable array or "query key" to do this.

Questions tagged [polling]

Using a query key that is simple and unique to the query's data is very important. The simplest form of a key is actually not an array, but an individual string.Hooks are a new addition in React They let you use state and other React features without writing a class.

When we were learning about using the Effect Hookwe saw this component from a chat application that displays a message indicating whether a friend is online or offline:. We will now look at how Hooks solve many of the same problems without forcing you to add more components to the tree. When we want to share logic between two JavaScript functions, we extract it to a third function. Both components and Hooks are functions, so this works for them too! For example, useFriendStatus below is our first custom Hook:.

Just like in a component, make sure to only call other Hooks unconditionally at the top level of your custom Hook. We can decide what it takes as arguments, and what, if anything, it should return. Its name should always start with use so that you can tell at a glance that the rules of Hooks apply to it.

This is why it takes friendID as an argument, and returns whether this friend is online:. In the beginning, our stated goal was to remove the duplicated logic from the FriendStatus and FriendListItem components.

Both of them want to know whether a friend is online. Is this code equivalent to the original examples? Yes, it works in exactly the same way. All we did was to extract some common code between two functions into a separate function.

Custom Hooks are a convention that naturally follows from the design of Hooks, rather than a React feature. Please do. This convention is very important. Do two components using the same Hook share state? Custom Hooks are a mechanism to reuse stateful logic such as setting up a subscription and remembering the current valuebut every time you use a custom Hook, all state and effects inside of it are fully isolated. How does a custom Hook get isolated state?

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Each call to a Hook gets isolated state. And as we learned earlierwe can call useState and useEffect many times in one component, and they will be completely independent. This is a chat message recipient picker that displays whether the currently selected friend is online:.

Because the useState Hook call gives us the latest value of the recipientID state variable, we can pass it to our custom useFriendStatus Hook as an argument:. This lets us know whether the currently selected friend is online.

react hooks polling

If we pick a different friend and update the recipientID state variable, our useFriendStatus Hook will unsubscribe from the previously selected friend, and subscribe to the status of the newly selected one. Try to resist adding abstraction too early. But we also encourage you to start spotting cases where a custom Hook could hide complex logic behind a simple interface, or help untangle a messy component. For example, maybe you have a complex component that contains a lot of local state that is managed in an ad-hoc way.

Reducers are very convenient to test in isolation, and scale to express complex update logic.


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